Iginio Gagliardone is Senior Lecturer in Media and Communication at the University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa, and is Associate Research Fellow in New Media and Human Rights in the Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy (PCMLP), University of Oxford. He holds a PhD from the London School of Economics and Political Science and has been living between Italy, Ethiopia, the UK, and South Africa, researching the relationship between new media, political change, and human development, and exploring the emergence of distinctive models of the information society in the Global South. His most recent publications include “The Politics of Technology in Africa” (Cambridge University Press, UK), and “World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development” (UNESCO Publishing). His latest book “China, Africa, and the future of the Internet” will appear with ZED Publishers in 2019. His study “Countering Online Hate Speech”, supported by UNESCO, has rapidly become one of the most cited publications in the field, highlighting the need to develop bottom-up and contextually informed responses to the emergence of online hatred.